Question: What Information Do Contour Lines Provide?

What are the symbols on a topographic map?

Topographic Map Legend and SymbolsBrown lines – contours (note that intervals vary)Black lines – roads, railroads, trails, and boundaries.Red lines – survey lines (township, range, and section lines)Blue areas – streams and solid is for larger bodies of water.Green areas – vegetation, typically trees or dense foliage.More items….

What are the three main types of topography?

Topographic maps depict four main types of features:Landforms: hills, valleys, gullies, ridges…Water courses: rivers, swamps, coastal…Vegetation: national parks, farmland, plantations…Manmade: buildings, roads, property boundaries, political boundaries…

What are the 5 Rules of contour lines?

Rule 1 – every point of a contour line has the same elevation. Rule 2 – contour lines separate uphill from downhill. Rule 3 – contour lines do not touch or cross each other except at a cliff. Rule 4 – every 5th contour line is darker in color.

What are the basic features of contour lines?

Other characteristics of contour lines are: – Horizontal distance between contour lines is inversely proportional to slope. – Uniform slopes have uniformly spaced lines. – Along plane surfaces, contour lines are straight and parallel. – Contour lines are perpendicular to lines of steepest slopes.

What information does a thicker contour line provide?

When contour lines are close together on a map, it shows a steeper slope of the terrain. In contrast, when contour lines are far apart, it shows a flatter terrain. The thicker, sometimes darker-brown, contour lines with an elevation number denoted are called index contours.

What are the three types of contour lines?

There are 3 kinds of contour lines you’ll see on a map: intermediate, index, and supplementary.Index lines are the thickest contour lines and are usually labeled with a number at one point along the line. … Intermediate lines are the thinner, more common, lines between the index lines.More items…

What information do contour lines provide quizlet?

Contour lines are used to show elevation on a topographic map. Lines or isolines on a map that connect points with the same elevation. What does each contour line on a map show? Each contour line shows a different elevation.

Which of the following is the best definition for contour line?

Rules of Contour Lines In other words, contour lines connect points of equal elevation. By definition, contour lines separate points of higher elevation from points of lower elevation. This means it is always possible to define an “uphill” direction on one side of a contour and a “downhill” direction on the other side.

How do you explain topography?

Topography describes the physical features of an area of land. These features typically include natural formations such as mountains, rivers, lakes, and valleys. Manmade features such as roads, dams, and cities may also be included. Topography often records the various elevations of an area using a topographical map.

How do contour lines work?

Contour lines are lines drawn on a map connecting points of equal elevation, meaning if you physically followed a contour line, elevation would remain constant. Contour lines show elevation and the shape of the terrain. … In order to keep things simple, topographic maps show lines for certain elevations only.

What do blue contour lines indicate?

The colors of the lines usually indicate similar classes of information: topographic contours (brown); lakes, streams, irrigation ditches, and other hydrographic features (blue); land grids and important roads (red); and other roads and trails, railroads, boundaries, and other cultural features (black).

What contour means?

1 : an outline especially of a curving or irregular figure : shape the sleek contours of the car The map shows the contour of the coastline. also : the line representing this outline. 2 : the general form or structure of something : characteristic —often used in pluralthe contours of a melody…

What are contour lines used for?

In cartography, a contour line (often just called a “contour”) joins points of equal elevation (height) above a given level, such as mean sea level. A contour map is a map illustrated with contour lines, for example a topographic map, which thus shows valleys and hills, and the steepness or gentleness of slopes.

What information does a topographic map provide?

A topographic map is a detailed and accurate illustration of man-made and natural features on the ground such as roads, railways, power transmission lines, contours, elevations, rivers, lakes and geographical names. The topographic map is a two-dimensional representation of the Earth’s three-dimensional landscape.