What are mastery and performance goals?
Mastery goals focus students’ attention on achievement based on intrapersonal standards of learning; performance goals focus on achievement based on normative or comparative standards of performing.
Colloquially we often think of this as being learning-oriented as opposed to grade-oriented (Eison, 1982)..
What are the three types of goal orientation?
Therefore, three types of goal orientations were identified: mastery, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance.
How a performance goal approach differs to a learning goal approach?
Learning goals describe the aim of mastering tasks and improving personal competencies (Elliot, 1999; Spinath et al., 2002). In contrast, performance-approach goals focus on the demonstration of own abilities in comparison to others and on competition in achievement situations (Elliot and Church, 1997).
What is approach orientation?
Approach-oriented goals are goals in which individuals are positively motivated to look good and receive favorable judgment from others. Avoidance-oriented goals are goals in which individuals can be negatively motivated to try to avoid failure and to avoid looking incompetent.
What are performance goals examples?
15 Examples of Performance GoalsBe Punctual at Work, Meetings, and Events. … Maintain a Healthy Diet and Exercise Regularly. … Take Initiative. … Improve Your Work Quality. … Request (and Utilize) Feedback. … Develop Job Knowledge and Skills. … Support and Advance Your Organization’s Vision, Mission, and Values.More items…
What is an avoidance goal?
Students with performance-avoidance goals are concerned with avoiding failure in front of others. They are extrinsically motivated by a fear of poor performance. An example of a performance-avoidance item is: “My goal in this class is to avoid performing poorly.”