Who Had The Longest Tenure As The Viceroy Of India?

Why was Lord Mayo killed?

Assassination.

While visiting the convict settlement at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in 1872 for the purpose of inspection, he was assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi, an Afridi Pathan convict who used a knife..

Which viceroy of India has no left arm?

Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of LyttonHis Excellency The Right Honourable The Earl of Lytton GCB GCIE PCMonarchQueen VictoriaPreceded byThe Viscount LyonsSucceeded byThe Marquess of Dufferin and AvaViceroy and Governor-General of India19 more rows

Who is the first and last Governor General of free India?

New Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General. He was also the last one.

Who removed Doctrine of Lapse?

Following the rebellion, in 1858, the new British Viceroy of India, whose rule replaced that of the British East India Company, renounced the doctrine. The princely state of Kittur ruled by Queen Chennamma was taken over by the East India Company in 1824 by imposing a ‘doctrine of lapse’.

Who introduced doctrine of lapse?

Lord DalhousieDoctrine of lapse, in Indian history, formula devised by Lord Dalhousie, governor-general of India (1848–56), to deal with questions of succession to Hindu Indian states.

Who is called Governor General?

Governor-general, official set over a number of other officers, each of whom holds the title of governor or lieutenant governor. … An alternative term sometimes used is governor in chief. The office has been used by most colonial powers but is perhaps best known among the countries of the Commonwealth.

Which viceroy was killed in India?

Death of a viceroy – An Irishman’s Diary on the assassination of Lord Mayo. Richard Bourke, the Earl of Mayo. He was made viceroy of India and was assassinated there in 1872. One evening in the radio room of the Aronda, I heard a weak, hoarse call in Morse code on the international calling frequency.

Who was governor general during 1857?

Charles John CanningCharles John Canning, Earl Canning, also called (1837–59) Viscount Canning of Kilbrahan, (born December 14, 1812, London, England—died June 17, 1862, London), statesman and governor-general of India during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

Which Viceroy has shortest tenure in India?

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Willingdon1931 – 1936Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944Lord Wavell1944 – 1947Lord Mountbatten1947-4816 more rows

Who was the longest serving governor general of India?

Lord DalhousieThe British Governor General and Viceroy who served for the longest period in India was Lord Dalhousie.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of IndiaViceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):Viceroy # 7. Lord Ripon (1880-84):Viceroy # 8. Lord Dufferin, (1884-88):More items…

Who is the first governor general of British India?

Warren HastingsWarren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England.

What does Viceroy mean?

A viceroy (/ˈvaɪsrɔɪ/) is an official who runs a polity in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning “in the place of” and the French word roi, meaning “king”. … Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank.

Who has the longest tenure as the viceroy of India?

Lord LinlithgowGovernor General and Viceroy of India (1936-1944) Lord Linlithgow was Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1944 and this eight years period was longest reign as Viceroy of India.

Who is the first viceroy in India?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947-August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948-1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

What is difference between Viceroy and Governor General?

After the power shifted in the hands of British Crown, Viceroy was appointed, who was the head of colonial India and governed the territory on behalf of British Crown. Their functioning was almost same with only difference that Governor General served EIC’s interests whereas Viceroy that of British Crown.

Who was the second last Viceroy of India?

Lord MountbattenList of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

Who is called Governor?

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected.

What is the difference between Viceroy and Secretary of State?

Viceroy was responsible to the British Crown. Secretary of State is a British Cabinet Minister appointed after 1858 following abolition of East India Company and introduction of direct sovereign rule of the British Crown. He was responsible for the administration of British Raj in India, Aden and Burma.

Who was the 1st Governor of Bengal?

Robert CliveRobert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.